Structure of plain fabric
Plain weave fabric is woven by weaving warp and weft every other yarn. In the process of weaving plain fabric, warp and weft interweave to form parallel lines.
Plain fabric is characterized by many interwoven points, firm texture, flat surface, the same appearance effect on the front and back, lighter and better air permeability. The structure of plain grain determines its low density and rough touch. Generally speaking, the price of plain fabric is relatively low. The most typical plain fabric is the old coarse cloth we often hear! But there are also a few plain fabrics that are more expensive, such as some high-grade embroidered fabrics.
Structure of twill fabric
For the fabric woven with twill structure, the warp and weft yarns are staggered at least once every two yarns, that is, 2 up and 1 down or 3 up and 1 down; The warp and weft yarns are staggered to form oblique lines. By increasing the warp and weft staggered points, the organization points are continuous, and the weaving method of changing the fabric organization layout is adopted to weave the fabric. The up and down weaving times of the warp and weft yarns are less than that of the plain weave, and the yarns are arranged closely, so they are closer and thicker than the plain weave fabric.
Twill fabric is easy to identify, because the interweaving point of warp and weft of twill fabric presents the structural form of twill at a certain angle on the fabric surface. It is characterized by positive and negative points, less weaving points, long floating line, slightly rough touch, high density, thick products and strong sense of three-dimensional organization.
Structure of satin
For the fabric woven with satin weave structure, the warp and weft yarns are interwoven at least once every three yarns in the textile process, and at least five warp / weft yarns are staggered to form a complete satin weave; Warp and weft yarns form some separate and unconnected warp and weft points in the fabric. Warp and weft yarns are interleaved less, the interleaving points are the least, the floating line is the longest, and the fabric surface is almost composed of warp or weft floating lines; There seems to be twill on the surface, but there is no obvious twill like twill.
Satin fabric has higher cost, higher density and thicker fabric than similar plain and twill fabrics. Moreover, the cloth surface is more smooth, delicate, soft, glossy, bright color, good elasticity, tight texture and not easy to deform, with excellent touch.
The weaving process of satin is complex. There is only one kind of warp and weft covering the surface in the form of floating length. It is called warp satin with floating length covering the surface; Weft satin is called weft satin. The longer floating thread makes the fabric surface have better luster and easy to reflect light.
So if you look carefully at the cotton satin fabric, you will feel a faint luster. If the filament yarn with good luster is used as the floating yarn, the luster and light reflection of the fabric will be more prominent. For example, the silk jacquard fabric has a silky effect.
Organizational structure of jacquard
Jacquard fabric became popular in Europe as early as several centuries ago. Jacquard fabric clothing has become a classic work of royalty and nobility reflecting dignity and elegance. With the progress of science and technology, noble patterns and gorgeous fabrics have obviously become the trend of high-end hotel textiles.
Jacquard fabric changes the warp and weft structure during weaving to form a pattern. The yarn count is fine, and the requirements for raw materials are very high. The warp and weft of jacquard fabric are intertwined and ups and downs to form various patterns. It has soft texture, fine texture, smooth and smooth, good finish, drapability and air permeability, and high color fastness.
Generally, jacquard fabrics can be divided into large jacquard and small jacquard. Large jacquard fabric generally refers to that the proposed pattern is mainly flowers and various patterned graphics (the pattern has radians); while small jacquard fabric is limited to weaving geometric graphics such as strips and lattices (linear pattern). These two kinds have great differences in weaving difficulty, and the cost of large jacquard is higher than that of small jacquard.
Plain weave, twill and satin are the three most basic interweaving modes of warp and weft. From the perspective of technology and comfort, satin fabric is a high-quality product in pure cotton textile fabric, but the cost is high, so the price is also relatively high. Jacquard is the most complicated fabric with the highest price.
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